Climate change: Big increase in weather disasters over the past five decades
The number of weather-related disasters to hit the world has increased fivefold over the past 50 years, says WMO (World Meteorological Organization), which is the expert on studying weather. On the other hand, according to the UN World Meteorological Organization 2021 Report, the overall death toll from disasters fell rapidly over the same 50-year period. Improved multi-hazard early warning systems have led to this significant reduction in mortality. However, while more people have been saved in the face of an increasing number of extreme weather disasters, the economic toll has increased. Between 2010-2019, the losses were around $383 million per day. This is a sevenfold increase compared to between 1970-1979.
Nowadays I often talk about natural disasters with my friends and colleagues as an open conversation. They each frequently say that “I feel weather disasters increase every year”. It was good to read this article, which confirms their feelings that natural disasters are indeed increasing.
Although the article above warns about economic losses due to natural disasters, I could see hope in the future. As we succeeded to decrease the death toll over the past five decades, it might be possible to prevent the increasing economic loss by applying warning systems. I think another important step would be to share the exact risks of disasters and to give directions that tell us what we could do for preventing the disasters. It is also necessary to present rewards when we accomplish something related to preventing natural disasters. Then this could motivate governments, companies, and citizens. I guess people do not immediately take positive action unless the danger is imminent to them. Therefore it could be effective to give them guidelines which include a carrot-and-stick approach.